State Housing Finance Agency Compliance

With the Violence Against Women Act

In 2013 the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was amended to apply to the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program. In 2016, RHLS was part of a group of organizations (American Civil Liberties Union, Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid, National Alliance to End Sexual Violence, National Network to End Domestic Violence, National Housing Law Project, and Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law) that designed and distributed a survey to state housing finance agencies asking them what they were doing to educate partners and residents about VAWA 2013 and what they were doing in terms of compliance. thumbnail of Protections Delayed – HFA Compliance with VAWAThe findings were included in Protections Delayed: State Housing Finance Agency Compliance With The Violence Against Women Act, which was issued in early 2017.

Survey Results

23 states responded to the survey. The majority of the states that responded said they had already or planned to: educate owners, developers and management agents about VAWA; educate tenants about VAWA; and offer trainings for owners, developers, and management agents about VAWA implementation.

State HFA Responses to 2016 Survey

QAP & Compliance Manual Research

In the fall of 2017, RHLS researched how HFAs were addressing VAWA in their QAPs. We saw a significant increase in the number of states included language in their QAPs about VAWA compliance requirements from 2016 to 2017. We were only able to identify 3 states in 2016 that included VAWA enforcement language in their QAPs. In 2017, the number jumped to 12. To aid advocates and HFA staff, we extracted key pages with sample language.

We supplemented our QAP research with a search of LIHTC Compliance Manuals to see which included language related to VAWA enforcement. 13 Compliance Manuals included language related to VAWA enforcement.

We are in the process of monitoring the 2018 QAPs and planning a second round of the survey.


If you would like to receive updates on our research, or would like to alert us to an error or omission, please fill out the form below.